Design philosophy, design theory, and design methodology come to life as they are used and applied in the functional context of design situations. It is in the context of use that design philosophy, theory and methodology are confirmed, changed, modified, and reconfirmed. Thus the FUNCTIONAL CONTEXT in which design is used becomes the fourth domain of design Inquiry." BHB

Literature as a SystemThe study of literature with systems theory is performed when literature, viewed as a system, is "the network of relations that is hypothesized to obtain between a number of activities called `literary,' and consequently these activities themselves observed via that network," and "the complex of activities, or any section thereof, for which systemic relations can be hypothesized to support the option of considering them `literary'" (Even-Zohar, Poetics Today 11.1 [1990]: S.T.