Welcome to IISII,
my attempt to promote what is in my opinion state of the art science.
Ludwig von Bertalanffy
identified three operational domains of systemic inquiry that
need to be considered together, the philosophy, the science and
the technology.(1) This was later generalized by Bela H Banathy
to philosophy, theory and methodology. During our work with the
ISSS Primer, Bela and I introduced a fourth domain, action, deemed
worthy of a domain of its own, was added making four domains.
Thus we have to consider in any systemic inquiry, using this
conceptual scheme, all of the four domains --general principles,
particular applications, planning for action, and implementation.
All of these are "recursive" and are derived from the
general system principle.
The advantage of
four instead of three becomes obvious when the domains are conceptually
integrated. Integration of the four is as follows - Philosophy
and Science integrate as "Knowledge" while Methodology
and Practice integrate as "action." Thus we have a potential
integration of Knowledge and Action or Enlightened Doing. Marcus
Schwaninger puts it as "Being".